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Link Between Obesity And Gum Disease

Obesity is a serious health problem globally. Being overweight places stress on your entire body. Obesity is linked to arthritis, diabetes, heart disease, high blood pressure, and stroke, as well as many other health complications. Researchers recently found a possible link between obesity and periodontitis, as well.
A study published in Journal of Dental Research claims a potential link between the chronic nutritional stress that causes obesity and periodontal inflammation. The link is in miRNA, or micro ribonucleic acid. To read about the study, click here.
Periodontal disease
Also called gum disease, periodontal disease is chronic infection and inflammation of the gum tissue. Many factors can contribute to the development of gum disease, but the most common is plaque buildup and poor oral health. Regular dental cleanings, accompanied by daily brushing and flossing can help reduce your risk for gum disease.
In the earliest stage, gum disease presents few, if any, symptoms. You may notice red, swollen, or tender gums. Your gums may bleed when you brush your teeth. Left untreated, gum disease can rapidly advance to destroy gum and jawbone tissue, cause loose teeth, and actually result in tooth loss.
How are Obesity & Periodontal disease related?
In a recent Boston University study, results showed that overweight individuals are twice as likely to be diagnosed with gum disease, and those who are considered “obese” are three times as likely, making this a bigger problem than most people realize!
Most theories suggest that fat cells produce many chemical signals and hormones that can increase inflammation in the body, decrease the effectiveness of your immune system, and increase your susceptibility to periodontal disease. Other theories point to the possible eating habits of overweight people and the connections to simple sugars that our mouths convert to plaque. As plaque accumulates on teeth and gums, gingivitis, periodontitis, and tooth decay may become inevitable.
Bacteria from gum disease may interfere with fat metabolism, leading to elevated low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and total cholesterol.
Losing Weight Results in Healthier Gums
A group of researchers from the Case Western University School of Dental Medicine has found that the human organism is able to fight much better gum disease, if the inflammation triggering fat cells disappear first from the body.
Eating Healthy
Preventing obesity starts with eating the proper amount of calories for your body and exercising regularly. Habits carried to adulthood from childhood also have a great effect on the struggle with obesity. Choose healthy snacks, drink water instead of calorie-packed beverages, and cook balanced meals at home instead of dining out.
How can my dentist take care of my teeth and gums?
·         By cleaning and checking your teeth and gums twice a year
·         By helping you learn the best way to brush and floss your teeth and gums

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